How To Open a Business in Vietnam for Foreigners: A General Guide

How To Open a Business in Vietnam for Foreigners: A General Guide

Vietnam has emerged as a hotspot for foreign investments, thanks to its dynamic economy, favorable government policies, and strategic location. If you are a foreigner looking to open a business in Vietnam, this guide will walk you through the essential steps and requirements, ensuring a smooth start to your entrepreneurial journey.

01. Why Choose Vietnam?

Before diving into the technicalities, let’s explore why Vietnam is an attractive destination for business:

  • Rapid Economic Growth: Vietnam’s economy has been growing at an impressive rate, making it one of the fastest-growing markets in Southeast Asia.
  • Skilled Workforce: With a young and educated population, Vietnam offers a talented workforce.
  • Strategic Location: Situated in the heart of Southeast Asia, Vietnam provides easy access to major markets like China, Japan, and South Korea.
  • Government Support: The Vietnamese government offers various incentives to foreign investors, including tax benefits and simplified regulations.
Vietnamese economy need monitoring after slowdown in Q1: WB


02. Types of Business Entities

Foreigners can choose from several types of business entities in Vietnam, each with its own advantages:

  1. Limited Liability Company (LLC): Ideal for small and medium-sized enterprises.
  2. Joint Stock Company (JSC): Suitable for larger businesses with multiple shareholders.
  3. Branch Office: Allows foreign companies to conduct business activities in Vietnam.
  4. Representative Office: Permits foreign businesses to establish a presence without engaging in commercial activities.

03. Step-by-Step Guide to Opening a Business in Vietnam


1. Market Research and Business Plan

Conduct thorough market research to understand the industry, competition, and customer needs. Develop a comprehensive business plan outlining your objectives, target market, marketing strategy, and financial projections.

2. Choose the Right Business Structure

Decide on the type of business entity that best suits your needs. Each structure has different legal and tax implications, so consider consulting with a legal expert to make an informed decision.

3. Register Your Business Name

Ensure your business name is unique and complies with Vietnamese regulations. The name must not duplicate existing registered names or violate public ethics and culture.

4. Prepare Required Documents

Prepare the necessary documents, which typically include:

  • Business registration application
  • Charter of the company
  • List of members or shareholders
  • Passport copies of founders
  • Lease agreement for office space

5. Submit Registration Application

Submit your application to the Department of Planning and Investment (DPI) in the province or city where your business will be located. The processing time is usually 3-4 weeks.

6. Obtain Investment Registration Certificate (IRC)

If your business involves foreign investment, you must obtain an IRC, which authorizes your investment in Vietnam.

7. Get the Enterprise Registration Certificate (ERC)

Once your business is registered, you will receive an ERC, which serves as the official license to operate your business in Vietnam.

8. Open a Bank Account

Open a corporate bank account in Vietnam to handle your business transactions. Ensure the bank you choose offers services that meet your business needs.

9. Tax Registration and Compliance

Register with the local tax authority to obtain a tax code. Ensure you understand and comply with Vietnam’s tax regulations, including value-added tax (VAT), corporate income tax (CIT), and personal income tax (PIT).

10. Hire Employees

If you plan to hire employees, familiarize yourself with Vietnam’s labor laws, including employment contracts, social insurance, and work permits for foreign employees.


04. Tips for Success

  • Legal Consultation: Engage a local legal consultant to navigate the complexities of Vietnamese laws and regulations.
  • Networking: Join business associations and networks to connect with other entrepreneurs and industry experts.
  • Cultural Understanding: Take time to understand the local culture and business etiquette to build strong relationships with partners and clients.

05. Conclusion

Opening a business in Vietnam offers tremendous opportunities for growth and success. By following these steps and leveraging local expertise, you can establish a thriving business in this vibrant market. If you need further assistance, our team of experts at EZ HOLDINGS is here to help you every step of the way.



🏬  Address: No. 42, Lane 26 Nguyen Hong Street, Lang Ha Ward, Dong Da District, Hanoi, Vietnam

📞  Hotline/Zalo: +84 97324 0969

☎  WhatsApp: (+84)97 324 09 69

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